Off-road driving is a fun adventure, but to travel safely one needs to know the limitations and capabilities of the vehicle and the driver.

Driving a 4x4 truck on stones across rivers and territories that a regular vehicle can't handle is fascinating - and potentially filled with danger. An accident could render an off-roader injured, stranded, or faced with an expensive rebuild bill. There are different techniques for dealing with road obstacles; some are right while others are wrong, and a few matters of opinion. No matter the terrain or track that one chooses or the technique they choose to use, the crucial factor is not to damage the 4x4, which guarantees an enjoyable and exciting experience.

Below are 10 tips on how to have a successful off-road adventure.

10 Know How Traction Control Works Off-Road With 4wd

Ensuring that all the four wheels in a 4wd vehicle are moving requires rear and front locking differentials. Off-road traction control can imitate a locking differential by breaking a rotating wheel and focusing the power on other wheels with a better grip. Always check the owner's manual or research online about the vehicle's transfer case and differentials.

Does it have traction control? Does the car have a limited-slip differential that assists with traction when the different wheels are experiencing different grip levels? Is it controlled electrically? On a four-wheel vehicle, it's recommended that low-range gear is engaged with proper gear for a location before its need. For cars with center differential lock, it should be disconnected once it regains traction.

RELATED: A Self Driving Tour Is The Best Way To See Namibia

9 Be Prepared For An Emergency

Off-roading is not just about enjoying the outdoors and having fun. It also involves survival. Being unprepared when off-roading, one may face unexpected situations with no quick solution, such as an injury with no badges and fixable engine breakdown but not having equipment to fix it.

Before going off-roading, prepare an emergency kit and pack it in the vehicle. The package should include a first aid kit, change of shoes, warm clothes, flashlight, tools, tow chain, maps, extra water and food, and walkie-talkies.

8 Use The Lowest Gear Available

Driving off-road mainly involves overcoming big rocks, a very steep incline, or conditions with reduced traction. The best way to deal with such situations is to cruise with the lowest gear range. If the 4x4 vehicle does not have a dual-range transfer case, utilize the lowest gear available.

7 Lower Tire Pressure

Tire manufacturers recommend inflation pressures for cruising on smooth surfaces. At those pressures, the tires use the least energy to move hence saving on fuel and better handling for the vehicle. However, for rough terrains, higher tire pressure makes the vehicle bounce, which leads to loss of traction.

When driving off-road, tires require less pressure to absorb more impact, reducing the chances of harm to the tires or the vehicle. When going on mud or sand, more contact surface area means more of the tire treads are in contact with the ground, increasing grip.

RELATED: Road Trip Patagonia: Driving Scenic Ruta 40 From Esquel To Bariloche

6 Never Go Off-Road Alone

Off-roading can provide a lot of entertainment and fun and opportunities to explore mountain wilderness or the desert. It is risky. Perhaps part of the appeal is the danger it offers and the challenge of overcoming complex trains and obstacles. It is hard to predict what might go wrong when going off-road, but one should prepare with the proper recovery equipment, and a well-taken care vehicle will reduce the impact if an accident occurs.

Never go off-road alone because the vehicle might break down or one gets injured. Having a friend with another car handy for towing means higher chances of getting home safely.

5 Use A Spotter

When going off-road, the driver needs to know the outback obstacles, both sides and in front of the vehicle. Negotiating an extremely rough terrain can be challenging, and having someone else monitor the progress and advise the driver on how to move.

That is what the spotter does, a person who can be trusted and has off-road driving experience, and knows what the vehicle can and can't do. The spotter helps prevent damage to the vehicle in areas that the driver cannot see and instructs the driver on how to turn and when to move or stop.

4 Prepare The Vehicle

For an off-road adventure to be successful, travelers can make a list and conduct an inspection before embarking on an adventure. The basic checks are the tires and all the fluids. Ensure that the coolant is at the right level because off-roading tends to put a lot of stress on the engine. If the vehicle oil change is due, then change it before leaving.

RELATED: Afraid Of Driving On The Left? You'll Need To Get Used To It In These Countries

3 Read Owner's Manual

Most people don't read the owner's manual without knowing that the information contained in the owner's manual is handy and can save a life. For an off-roader who doesn't have access to emergency services, it is more crucial.

Car manufacturers have made the manual available in different mediums because most people don't like reading the printed ones. There has been a significant increase in apps, on-screen displays, and videos to inform the users of countless features in highly modernized vehicles.

2 Be Flexible

While going off-roading, one cannot control what might happen, from parts breaking, changing routes and weather conditions, or even getting stuck on a trail. If the unexpected happens, rethink the plans and re-evaluate to an intelligent and safer way to continue.

1 Follow The Rules Of The Trail

There are no official rules for trail driving. Off-roading necessitates safe driving principles and practices to ensure that the participants love the experience and have fun. Always stay in the ruts, on the track and marked rails. Stay away from designated wilderness sections and, before driving through private property, ask permission from the landowners.

NEXT: Road Trip USA: Answering All The FAQs On How To Drive Across The Country