Known as Europe's 14th largest city, Prague has some of the most gorgeous views in the Czech Republic. Although it's the Czech's largest city, tourists don't mind the large groups of people that visit this historical city because of all the architecture and history it brings.
With evidence the city has been around since 5500 BC, the Czech Republic has come a long way since becoming an independent country. Considering the deep history this country (and, therefore, Prague) has, Prague is the perfect place to travel in the EU for history buffs and foodies alike. (Plus, being so close to the borders of Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria, it's the perfect city to visit before backpacking to the next stop.)
If you only have two days to spend in Prague, you can't miss these 10 landmarks that literally define this centuries old city.
10 CHARLES BRIDGE
The Charles Bridge is more than just a bridge. Crossing the Vltava River, this bridge began construction in the 1300s and is still around today. Being over 2,000 feet long and 33 feet wide, this bridge is wide and long enough for hundreds of people to cross. You can find it crossing from Old Town over to Prague Castle.
On the bridge, you'll find 16 arches with multiple religious statues and figurines protecting the city. And considering this bridge has seen wars and flooding, almost ruining Prague's main route of entering and leaving, the Charles Bridge deserves some major credit.
9 PRAGUE CASTLE
Once you've ventured through Old Town and walked across the Charles Bridge, it's now time to take the hike (okay, not a literal hike) to Prague Castle. Prague Castle sits atop a hill, overlooking the city, which means you need to climb over 120 steps on the Old Castle Steps to get to it.
Prague Castle used to be home to many presidents and kings and is one of the largest old-time castles in the world, but today there's a few offices inside and exhibitions for tourists. Tourists can roam the grounds and the gardens of the castle for free or they can pay for a guided tour in the (given) language of their choice.
8 PRAGUE ASTRONOMICAL CLOCK
One of the coolest parts about Prague is their square in Old Town. It's a literal square where you can see the Astronomical Clock, the Church of Our Lady Before Tyn, restaurants, and shops all in one view. You sit down outside at Pilsner to have a beer and some goulash while marveling at some of Prague's greatest architecture; it's a square, but it's a place you can be at all day.
Once you're ready to roam, look for Prague's Astronomical Clock, located on the side of Old Town Hall. It goes off every hour on the dot (until 11pm) and plays a little song. People travel across the world to Prague just to see the clock's show. It has been around for the past 800 years, after all!
7 THE LENNON WALL
Beetles member John Lennon was assassinated in December of 1980. People across the world mourned the loss of this profound singer, songwriter, and icon. Due to his loss, really bounded together to protest peace, just as he did.
To celebrate the life and loss of this extraordinary man, an artist painted a mural of his face on a wall near the French embassy. Over time, people began adding Lennon's lyrics and paintings on the wall and its expanded since then. It's a great reminder for peace and makes for a great photo op!
6 PETRIN TOWER
Also known as the "Eiffel Tower" of Prague, Petrin Tower is 63 meters tall and looks out over the entire city. Built in the late 1800s, it was created after tourists in Czech visited the Eiffel Tower in Paris and were inspired to make another version in Prague. Catch a ride to Petrin Hil and take the lift all the way to the top or you can walk up, which takes around 30 minutes. Once you make it up to the top, you'll find observation decks, a cafeteria, and a gift shop for goodies!
5 CHURCH OF OUR LADY BEFORE TYN
The Church of Our Lady Before Tyn is hard to miss, with its two spirals being so tall, you can look up and see them from just about anywhere near Old Town.
After construction was finished in the 15th-century, renovations are constantly being done to this historical church. Inside you'll find tombs, gorgeous artwork, medieval and gothic architecture, and a gorgeous alter.
4 Baroque Library Hall In The Clementinum Complex
Baroque Library Hall came to the Clementinum (also spelled klementinum) in the 1700s and is one of the most beautiful libraries in the world. And no, you don't need to be a book worm to come here. Simply marveling at the rows and rows of vintage books under dim lighting is inspiring. With over 20,000 books, there are unique works along these shelves along with beautifully painted ceilings and gorgeous shelves. It's one of those spots that slows time down a little and you can enjoy the peace and quiet.
The Baroque Library Hall can be found inside the Clementinum complex just over the Vltava River by the Church of St. Salvator.
3 THE NATIONAL GALLERY IN PRAGUE
It's no secret that Europe is home to some of the rarest art pieces in the world. Not only is Europe itself historical but its pieces of art and their artists are as well. One place to see some of the Czech Republic's finest art is inside The National Gallery.
Inside, you can even find works from Picasso and Monet! To get to The National Gallery in Prague, it's best to catch a lift or ride a bike from the Old Jewish Quarter next to Old Town, cross the Vltava River, and head to the museum from there.
2 THE OLD JEWISH CEMETERY
Not many people want to venture cemeteries while on vacation, but The Old Jewish Cemetery needs to be the exception. It's not your "average" cemetery, per se. Instead of clearly lined graves, these grave markings are literally on top of one another. There's almost too many tombstones at once to even focus on what we're actually looking at.
Located in Castle District, or the Old Jewish Quarter, it was a place where Jewish families grew until they were "allowed" to move on through other parts of Prague. While most of the Jewish Quarter has been restored and modernized, in a sense, the Cemetery lives on.
1 THE NATIONAL THEATRE
After opening in the late 1800s, Prague's National Theatre was a real cornerstone for Prague, celebrating all the wealth of culture and knowledge the city had back then (and still does).
If you're in town for one of the theatre's operas, ballets, or other performances, walk 15 minutes from Old Town to see it for yourself. The National Theatre is also right in front of the river by the Most Legií Bridge.