Machu Picchu is one of the most popular historic sites in Peru. It is an Inca citadel that dates back to the 15th century and it is from the southern region of Peru. The city is found high in the mountains at 7,970 feet. The civilization was abandoned back in 1572. As a result of its historic significance, the city receives many visitors each year.

However, reaching Machu Picchu is not an easy job, due to its location. Since it's on the mountain ridge, people have to hike all the way to the top. The hike is not easy and one has to prepare very well. Here are practical tips to follow.

10 Get Used To Altitude Change

When hiking to Machu Picchu, there is a great change in altitude. Since the destination is found at 7,970 feet,the physical effects can be serious. One can suffer serious altitude sickness and can be a challenge for people who are not accostomed. It is worse for people arriving from locations where the altitude is otherwise considered low. Visiting Cusco and spending two nights is a good way to get used to the change before embarking Cusco is a good town with a great environment.

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9 Get The Right Engaging Itinerary

Hiking to Machu Picchu should not all about the city. This is because the entering the city is just 2 hours for any visitors, as a result, without a good itinerary, one will find it difficult to enjoy the place. However, planning very well will give hikers more places to explore and enjoy the experience. There are several places to visit along the way. One of those places is Winyawayna where people can spend the night. Sun Gate is also a great place.

8 Physical Training Is A Must

Hiking Machu Picchu is not easy.. It is a hike that will end on an altitude of 7,970 feet. The journey is long and challenging, and one must be physically prepared. Many visitors may hear about the city but come unprepared for the challenge of climbing. Physical training involves getting the body strong, flexible, and fit for the climb. There are many ways to achieve this , which can involve going to the gym, running, swimming, hiking, walking, or cycling.

7 Hydration And Food Is Crucial

One cannot hike successfull without having proper energy. Machu Pichu is no different.. As one keeps walking, they sweat and expend a lot of energy. With altitude sickness kicking in, hydration and starvation are a serious concern. A traveler must make sure they are well-fed before starting the hike. One must also carry enough water, making sure to use reusable bottles, and also snacks. Since altitude slows down digestion, eating before starting the hike is a good way of maintaing enough energy.

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6 Prepare For The Weather

Hiking to Machu Picchu will present hikers with weather challenges. This is because it can be hot or rainy and one may not be able to predict what will happen on the mountain. In some cases, one may start the hike when it is hot, and then find rain on the mountain. As a result, preparing for the weather is crucial. Using lightweight pants is ideal. This ensures there are no excess heat effects. Awaterproof jacket and good hiking shoes will also come in handy, so that in the case of rain, one will be okay. For those going to camp, some heavy clothes are good for the cooler evening temperatures.

5 Skin Protection

Since hiking to this historic site includes trails across the forest and into the mountains, one should make sure they are protecting their skin. There are many bugs that can pose a great threat to the skin. This is especially true for those going camping. Another challenge is heat. When hiking during hot weather, the chances of getting sunburn are very high. As a result, a visitor is advised to carry sunscreen and additional bug repellent.

4 Porters Are Important

Many hikers may assume that hiking to Machu Picchu is an easy feat they can accomplish on their own. This is not the case for most visitors. The trail up the mountain is difficult and full of many challenges. The chances of getting lost are quite high. As a result, new visitors should make sure they use the services of porters. Porters are very useful as they help in guiding through the route. They also understand where to rest, and how to handle various challenges along the route.

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3 Spare Footweare For Camping

These are some of the small details that are often forgotten and result in suffering. When hiking and camping, rest is crucial. However, only having hiking shoes and nothing else to change into can pose great discomfort for the feet. After a day of hiking, one needs to change to light, open shoes for the night.

2 Hiking Stick Is Crucial

A hiking stick is a crucial tool to have for this kind of hiking. One may not think highly of it, but it comes in handy when it’s time to climb steep areas, as well as when going downhill. A hiking stick is easy to get. One can buy or talk to porters for help in acquiring one.

1 Join A Group

It is next to impossible to hike to Machu Picchu, especially for visitors unfamiliar to the area. As a result, the secret to getting motivation, help, and a vast understanding of the best route is by joining a group. There are many people willing to hike with friends and this can create an enjoyable experience.

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