Canada is an intriguing destination where travelers can see waterfalls that flow backward or go on a polar bear-watching tour. Fossil fields, anyone? Alberta has some of the most spectacularly preserved dinosaur skeletons in the world. Other visitors might want to see maple syrup production first hand in Quebec and then try the delicious final product over pancakes. With bustling cities like Calgary, Vancouver, Toronto, and Montreal, as well as vast stretches of pristine land between, this northern nation, has something to offer every tourist. Read on to find out what to visit in each of Canada's ten provinces.
Central Canada has the largest population of all the regions. Ottawa, Canada's capital city is here as well as the country's financial capital, Toronto. Both cities are in the province of Ontario, but central Canada also includes French-speaking Quebec where the major urban centers are Quebec City and Montreal.
The provincial capital - Toronto
Main Airport - Toronto Pearson
- Niagara Falls and Horseshoe Falls, Grand Island - These are iconic waterfalls along the border between Ontario and New York.
- The CN Tower, Toronto - This is Canada's tallest building and has a rotating restaurant on the top floor.
- Ripley's Aquarium of Canada, Toronto
- Canada's Wonderland, Toronto - This is a popular amusement park.
- Parliament Hill, Ottawa - Here, people can visit one of the nation's most important government buildings.
Capital - Quebec City
Main Airport - Montréal–Trudeau
- Le Château Frontenac, Quebec City - This historic hotel is also a luxurious and romantic site for a weekend stay.
- Place Royale, Quebec City - Quebec's birthplace remains largely intact with pedestrian streets and buildings dating back to the 1600s.
- Old Montreal - The neighborhood around Montreal's old dock includes many of the city's most popular attractions like Notre-Dame Basilica and Place Jacques-Cartier as well as an observation wheel.
- Mont Tremblant Ski Resort Community - Mont Tremblant is the highest peak in the Laurentians and a popular destination for skiers.
- Chutes Montmorency, Quebec City - This waterfall is taller than Niagara and has many footpaths to walk, providing spectacular views.
The four provinces along Canada's Atlantic coast have a unique culture and stunning parks along the oceanfront. This region was also home to the fictional character Anne of Green Gables.
Capital City - Halifax
Main Airport - Halifax Stanfield International
- Halifax Citadel National Historic Site - At this living history museum visitors can watch soldiers dressed in 18th-century uniforms as they perform guard duty and play in a marching band.
- Halifax Waterfront - This is a concentration of restaurants and shops along the city's shore.
- Point Pleasant Park - Forested park near Halifax with military ruins and a historic tower.
Capital - Fredericton
Main Airport - Moncton
- Saint John City Market - This is Canada's oldest and longest continuously run farmers' market.
- Fundy National Park - The coast here has the highest tides in the world and visitors can see fantastic tide pools.
- Reversing Falls - These waterfalls on the Bay of Fundy flow backward at high tide.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Capital - St. John's
Main airport - St. John's
- Gros Morne National Park - Visitors and geologists alike often admire this site for its unique formations including fjords and tabletop mountains.
- Signal Hill National Historic Site - Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic wireless transmission at this site. Today visitors will enjoy views of St. John's and the Atlantic Ocean.
Prince Edward Island
Capital - Charlottetown
Main airport - Charlottetown Airport
- Prince Edward Island National Park - This protected area has sand dunes and wide sandy beaches.
- Green Gables Heritage Place - Located in the national park, this federal historic site was the childhood home of L. M. Montgomery, author of Anne of Green Gables.
- Confederation Bridge - At 12.9 km, this is Canada's longest bridge and it connects the provinces of New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.
The prairie provinces cover the vast stretch of land between central Canada and the Pacific Coast. Winter sports enthusiasts flock to the resorts here. Sky-gazers can watch the northern lights from these wide-open plains.
Capital - Winnipeg
Main airport - Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International
- Assiniboine Park Zoo, Winnipeg - The spectacular polar bear exhibit at this zoo draws visitors from around the world.
- The Forks, Winnipeg - Located at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers, this historic piece of land was a camping site for several Native American tribes for more than six thousand years. Later, fur traders congregated here. More recently, the area was used by the railroad and then to house immigrants. Today, visitors can dine at the Forks Market.
- Canadian Museum For Human Rights, Winnipeg
Capital - Regina
Main airport - Regina International
- Prince Albert National Park - Visitors will see boreal forests and aspen parkland here.
- Tunnels of Moose Jaw - Guests get to participate in reenactments of Canadian history ranging from the Great Depression to booze smuggling and the experience of Chinese immigrants.
- Skiing - Known for its winter sports, Saskatchewan is dotted with ski resorts.
Capital - Edmonton
Main airport - Edmonton International
- Banff National Park and Jasper National Park - These national parks offer some of the most beautiful landscapes in the country.
- West Edmonton Mall - This is the largest mall in North America.
- Royal Tyrell Museum of Paleontology, Drumheller - Visitors can see a spectacular collection of fossils.
- Calgary Zoo - Families enjoy viewing live animals as well as dinosaur displays.
The Pacific Coast
British Columbia stretches between Washington state and Alaska. This region is known for its lush temperate rain forests and gorgeous coastal landscapes.
Capital - Victoria
Main airport - Vancouver International
- Stanley Park, Vancouver - This park allows visitors to walk along the sea wall and visit the city's aquarium.
- The Capilano Suspension Bridge - Travelers can walk across this 140-meter bridge suspended 70 meters over the Capilano River.
- Skiing - British Columbia is home to several famed ski resorts such as Whistler Blackcomb and Big White.