Culzean Castle is among Scotland's most prominent castles and is perched on a cliff-top over the breathtaking west coast. It was planned by Robert Adam in the late 1800s and is bordered by beautiful woodlands, beaches, and gardens with abundant animals. The exquisite rooms are brimming with artifacts that tell the history of those who once called this home.

The oval staircase, Adam's masterwork, connects the three stories of the castle. It was built for David Kennedy, 10th Earl of Cassillis, a descendant of Scotland's oldest family, the Kennedys.


The History Of Culzean Castle

The castle was built in the late 1800s to display the wealth and power of David Kennedy, 10th Earl of Cassilis. He'd acquired the rank from his brother, who had died without leaving a male heir. Aside from a lot of money, the 10th Earl has excellent taste. He commissioned Robert Adam, the most prominent neoclassical architect and interior decorator of the eighteenth century, to construct his home.

Culzean is simply a castle in the name. It is not really a fortress or a fortified home but one of Scotland's most opulent country estates. Its most famous historical highlight came after the Kennedy family abandoned it in the twentieth century.

The top-floor chamber was given to President Eisenhower for his lifespan in acknowledgment of his contribution during the Second World War, and Culzean has a close connection with him. Visitors can now stay in the magnificent Eisenhower Apartment.

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Explore The Castle's Grandeur

The Armoury

This foyer functioned as a welcoming area for visitors to the Kennedy residence. Every gleaming metal object on the wall is an arsenal of some kind, ranging from canons to blades, including the world's biggest display of used flintlock handguns.

The Kennedys wanted their property to represent their position as one of Scotland's most prestigious families. And an exhibition of over 1,000 weapons to welcome their visitors served the purpose perfectly.

The Dining Room

The Dining Room was designed in 1877 by Archibald Kennedy as he sought a place where he could entertain family and friends. This room was built by designers Wardrop and Reid by combining a library and a dressing area. The approach saved many of the library's furnishings.

The ceiling is a replica of a London house's Robert Adam ceiling. The ancient library friezes were retained, which were carved with ox skulls. The cornice above the door has grapevines to symbolize the room's new usage as a dining hall.

The Oval Staircase

Robert Adam revised and improved many blueprints until he arrived at a design that majestically showcased the Kennedys' wealth. The oval stairway was installed to the main structure six years after the castle was built. Guests would ascend this stairwell from the dining area, ready to dance or engage in card games upstairs. With its sweeping marble pillars and massive oil paintings, the stairway is a masterful showpiece by Robert Adam.

The Round Room

This space was created to be a gathering spot for guests to mingle and entertain. Culzean Castle is positioned on top of a high cliff, originally built to help defend the castle from invasion. However, during renovations, Adam desired a room that would take advantage of the beautiful views out to the ocean.

Straight furnishings and photo frames do not look good against curving walls, and to compensate for it, Adam designed one of his most spectacular ceilings, complete with a rug to complement. Visitors can see a contemporary replica of the original carpet in this room.

Another unique feature of the room is that if visitors speak loudly in the middle of the room, they will hear an echo only for their ears.

The Kitchen

Culzean's kitchen represents the castle's function as a gathering place for visitors. Like many other kitchens of the period, it was set aside from the main building to reduce the risk of fire. However, now the kitchen is linked to the main castle. While the culinary amenities in noble estates like Culzean typically contained state-of-the-art technology to enable staff in making the best quality meals to dazzle visitors, kitchens were primarily servants' domain.

Large dinner parties necessitated the use of many stoves in the kitchen. The stoves function similarly to a charcoal grill with open fires fuelled by coal from the land. The Kennedys' dinner party selections included exotic dishes to impress their visitors.

The Exotic Gardens

Woodland walkways, colorful tiered gardens, intriguing follies, and enticing beach bays are all part of Culzean Castle's 600-acre estate. There isn't a more stunning setting than this.

The Pleasure Garden, which has wide herbaceous borders, and the renovated Victorian Vinery and Peach Cottage, are part of the Victorian Walled Garden.

The Fountain Court Lawn, which includes the Orangery, Herb Garden, and Wildlife Yard, is well worth visiting.

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Visiting Culzean Castle

Via Train

  • Nearest Train Station - Maybole Train Station
  • Visitors can take a taxi which takes around 15 minutes to reach the castle.

Via Bus

  • Nearest Bus Stop - Glenside Bus Stop
  • It is a 10-minute walk from the bus stop to the castle.

Admission Charges

  • Adults - $24
  • Senior Citizens - $18
  • Family Tickets - $60

Culzean Castle is a magnificent estate where tourists can admire the Georgian interiors accompanied by outstanding architectural wonders. It's an excellent example of what affluence can achieve. Culzean Castle is a must-see destination for travelers in Ayrshire.

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