This list will cover 25 places that you should get to while you still can. Some are quite remote and probably better suited for the more adventurous type of traveler, but others are perfect if you like reading a good book and relaxing on the beach. Environmental factors are the main reason that these destinations are in danger of being lost in the future, which creates uncertainty about how long these locations will actually be accessible to tourists. Spread across the globe, from national parks, island destinations, historic landmarks and pilgrimage sites, these places are unique in their own right. With the popularity of ecotourism currently on the rise, these destinations are distinctive locations located around the globe.
Unfortunately, many of these locations could cease to exist in the near future. Others could be changed drastically in the coming decade. There are likely other locations around the world that could face similar concerns in the future that are not on this list. If you can think of any, let us know in the comments section!
25 Taj Mahal, India - Closing to the Public?
The Taj Mahal was built as a mausoleum for the favourite wife of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, between 1632-1643. The complex spans 17 hectares and also includes a mosque and gardens. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is a popular tourist destination for those wishing to see the extensive interior and exterior decoration, as well as a religious destination for those wanting to pray in the mosque. The gardens are extensive and include fountains and a reflection pool.
Pollution has become a major concern for the Taj Mahal and efforts have been taken to reduce the pollution in the region by limiting vehicle traffic in the immediate area to electric vehicles only.
It is estimated that around 8 million people visit the Taj Mahal every year, but more recently the number of visitors per day has been reduced to a set maximum. It is rumoured that the Taj Mahal could be closed to visitors at some point in the next decade, but this has not occurred yet. If visiting the Taj Mahal has been on your travel bucket list, it would be good to go sooner rather than later.
24 The Great Barrier Reef, Australia - Bird Poop Could Be Detrimental....
The Great Barrier Reef covers 344,400km2 off the coast of Queensland, Australia and is the largest coral reef on the planet. The reef was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in the early 1980s and has become a major tourist attraction and scuba diving location.
Despite human activity on the reef being restricted to certain zones, the increase in tourism has taken its toll on the reef. Pollution from the boats used to transport visitors can be harmful to the coral. Additionally, the diving platforms attract birds and their droppings wash into the water, causing an increase in diseased coral in these regions. Coral bleaching is occurring from the rising ocean temperatures, which has also resulted in the death of the northern section of the reef.
The Great Barrier Reef is a famous scuba diving and snorkeling destination for a reason- the reef is incredible! If you get the chance to experience seeing the reef, underwater or from the surface, take it. As the reef is being damaged from the changing world and human activity, the reef should be seen while it is still in decent condition and before it is damaged beyond repair.
23 The Maldives - Stay on the water before it is underwater
The Maldives are a collection of islands located south of India and Sri Lanka, in the Indian Ocean. While the country was largely unknown to tourists until the 1970s when the first resorts started opening, the Maldives have become an increasingly popular tourist destination. Some of the main attractions of the islands are the picturesque beaches and the tropical climate.
The resorts on the islands often include cottage type structures that sit over the ocean. Another popular attraction is the bioluminescent plankton that washes onto the beaches, causing the sand to appear to be glowing. This usually occurs between June and October. It is estimated that over eight million tourists had visited the islands by 2007, and that number is only increasing.
There are also coral reefs near the islands which visitors can scuba dive and snorkel at. In the recent past there have been issues with coral bleaching from a rise in the ocean temperatures which caused large portions of the reefs to die. Due to global warming causing ocean levels to rise, the Maldives are under threat of increased flooding.
Currently the islands are approximately 1.5 meters above sea level, but they are expected to be completely submerged in the next 50-100 years.
22 The Great Wall of China - The Great Wall for how long?
The Great Wall of China has been a popular tourist destination for decades. It is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Visitors can walk portions of the wall, or for those seeking a challenge, there is also the Great Wall Marathon (42.2km) which has occurred since 1999. The wall itself is comprised of different sections, all in different condition (depending on location in the country). The portions of the wall closest to the city of Beijing are some of the most visited stretches of the wall, but the most famous portion of the wall is generally considered to be the Badaling Great Wall (80km north of Beijing).
Portions of the wall located closer to major cities and other tourist attractions are better preserved while those in more rural locations have been completely destroyed. In many of the rural villages, bricks from the wall are taken to be used in other building projects. Tourism has also impacted the wall, by increasing foot traffic wear on the stones and leading to more pollution. Erosion has occurred from sandstorms in some areas of the wall.
It is estimated that approximately 60km of the wall in the Gansu Province could completely erode in the next 20 years.
21 Patagonia, South America - It's not Antarctica, but it is close
Located at the southernmost point of South America, the region of Patagonia covers parts of Chile and most of Southern Argentina. The location was considered remote in the past but has become an increasingly popular tourist destination more recently. Many cruise ships visit the region, when sailing around the south tip of South America or onwards to Antarctica.
The Valdes Peninsula, located in the north east of Patagonia is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site due to its importance as a nature reserve. Patagonia contains many diverse environments including deserts, lowlands and grass lands. In addition, the Andes Mountain Range, which spans the entire western coast of South America, concludes in the southern region of Patagonia.
Due to the large area Patagonia covers, there are multiple concerns including the increase of tourism impacting the natural environment with pollution and garbage. Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes are also possible in the western part of Patagonia due to the numerous fault lines in the region.
Furthermore, as Patagonia is so far south, there are many glaciers and ice fields, which are the largest in the world outside of Antarctica. These are threatened by global warming and glacial melt is a growing concern.
20 Olympia, Greece - Home of the First Olympic Games
Olympia is the historic site of the first Olympic games in the 8th century BCE. The ruins in Olympia have been damaged over time from earthquakes and were completely buried following flooding and tsunamis until the mid 1700s when the ruins of Olympia were rediscovered and excavated in the early 1800s. Excavation of ruins and the various objects associated with the ancient site has continued until the modern day.
Greece has numerous sites with ancient ruins, but Olympia has a history that is unique. There is a museum at the site dedicated to the archeological discoveries from the excavations, which also houses an extensive collection of bronze statues. As Olympia is the original location of the Olympic games, it is where the Olympic flame is lit for the modern Olympics. When the Olympics returned to Greece in 2004, some of the ruins at Olympia were restored and used for events, mainly the shotput contest.
The site was evacuated and almost damaged by forest fires in 2007 which were particularly bad, resulting from high temperatures and drought during the summer. Due to the potential for another major forest fire and the threat of earthquakes in the region, the site of Ancient Olympia could face damage or destruction.
19 The Amazon Rainforest, South America - Amazing and in danger
The Amazon Rainforest spans across 5,500,000 km2 in South America, crossing into nine countries. Home to many unique species, the Rainforest is an ecosystem that is unmatched elsewhere in the world.
Deforestation is causing a loss of the natural habitats for those species who live in the forest. However, the deforestation also creates instability in the soils of the forest, which also threatens the forest ecosystem.
Urban development is also a threat to the forest, with the increase in population numbers, people will need to expand cities, it is estimated that almost 30% of the forest will be destroyed by 2030.
As the Amazon covers such a vast area in South America, different sections would provide a traveller a different experience. The Amazon River also provides a unique way to experience the rainforest and as it crosses three countries, the various sections of the river offer diverse views of the surrounding forest. For a traveler visiting countries in South America, a trip to the Amazon rainforest would be an experience worth taking, especially before the forest sustains extensive damage from humans. And due to the size of the forest, it is possible to get to from other popular tourist destinations in South America.
18 Komodo National Park, Indonesia - Home of the Komodo Dragon
Komodo National Park is comprised of three main islands- Komodo, Padar and Rinca as well as 26 smaller islands. The park was created in the 1980s to protect the natural habitat of the Komodo Dragon, the largest land lizard on the planet, which are carnivorous and possibly poisonous. UNESCO has also named the National Park one of the New Seven Natural Wonders of the World in 2011. The National Park also faces the challenge of resource depletion due to fishing by the local communities and other commercial businesses. Although there are locals who still live on the island, the Komodo dragons and the other animals are the main inhabitants of the island at the current moment.
A portion of the park was developed into a tourist zone in the hopes that the income from the tourist industry could enable to National Park to be self-sufficient. This Island is a destination for those looking to explore parts of the Komodo Dragon's habitat and experience the natural beauty of the Indonesian island. In addition, the marine environments of the National Park have become a popular scuba diving location, although it can be dangerous due to the currents close to the island.
17 The Dead Sea - Still alive, for now
The Dead Sea is a salt-water lake located between the borders of Jordan, Israel and Palestine. It is famous for having water dense enough to allow a human to float on its surface. The Dead Sea has been a tourist destination for hundreds of years, with many seeking the health benefits of the water. Tourist resorts and hotels have been built on the coasts of Jordan, Israel and Palestine to bring visitors to the Dead Sea. While the Dead Sea is a popular tourist destination, it still offers the opportunity to experience floating on the water. The health benefits of the Dead Sea are still utilized today, aiding in moisturizing the skin and relieving skin conditions such as eczema
The water levels have been decreasing over time in the Dead Sea, and in the Jordan River which is the main supply source for the lake. While it is not believed that the Dead Sea could completely dry up, the water level is expected to continue to decrease.
Sink holes have also become a problem in the area, mainly along the Western Jordan coastline of the lake. This has led to restricted access in regions where sink holes have already appeared.
16 Mount. Kilimanjaro - Africa's tallest peak
Mount. Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania, Africa and is comprised of three volcanic cones. Currently two of the tree volcanic cones are extinct, the third is dormant, but an eruption could still occur. The mountain is the highest peak in Africa and has been popular amongst mountaineers, since the late 1880s when it is believed the first people reached the summit.
Climbing the mountain has become more popular since the 1880s, and now people as young as 7 and as old as 86 have reached the summit. The fastest person to reach the summit and return to the base did so in under 7 hours, but most climbers take 5-7 days to reach the summit, depending on which route they choose to take. Those wishing to climb the mountain are typically required to go with a guide, and to have prepared in advance for the changes in altitude. It is costly to climb the mountain, as climbers are typically required to pay for their guide and must have the correct equipment for the climb. These costs depend on which organization one books and climbs with.
While an eruption is unlikely, the major concern for Mount. Kilimanjaro is global warming, which causes the glaciers and ice fields to melt. It is estimated that the glaciers of the mountain could be completely gone by (as soon as) 2030.
15 The Galapagos Islands, Ecuador - It has birds with blue feet!
The Galapagos Islands are located off the coast of Ecuador and are famous for being the location of Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution research. They have become a tourist destination for those seeking nature and a warm tropical destination due to their location on the equator. Visitors to the islands can also experience scuba diving or snorkelling in some locations. Some of the unique species that the islands are home to include the Galapagos Giant Tortoise, the Galapagos iguana, the Galapagos Penguin and the Blue-footed Booby- a bird with blue feet.
However, the increase in tourism has also caused an increase in pollution, from the people and from the airplanes and boats used. As the islands are home to many unique species of animal, protecting this environment is a major concern for many. Overfishing is also an issue for the islands due to the high demand of fish for the locals and the tourists. Most of the islands are volcanic, and due to their close proximity to multiple fault lines, eruptions are a common threat.
If you are interested in visiting the Galapagos, there is a limit on the number of visitors that can go to some locations at a time time. This is done to reduce the impact of tourism on the natural environment and the species that live there.
14 Madagascar Rainforest - Rapidly Decreasing in Size
The Madagascar Rainforest runs along the eastern coast of the island. On the west of the rainforests, there is mostly a dry desert climate, while on the eastern side, there are beaches and the Indian Ocean. Tourism has not yet become a major industry for the nation. As a result, English is not widespread on the island, French is one of the official languages of the country.
The Madagascar Rainforest has been decreasing in size for decades. It is now approximately 80% smaller than its original size. Presently, deforestation is the main reason for the shrinking of the forest.
Illegal logging is also occurring. In the past, under French colonial rule, the rainforest was reduced in order to create more space for coffee growing fields.
As the forest is home to hundreds of thousands of species, 90% of which do not exist anywhere else in the world, the deforestation is a major problem for the ecosystems and biodiversity of Madagascar. The growing population of the island nation is also a major threat to the rainforest and the species that are native to Madagascar. In an effort to increase protection of the rainforest, some regions have been named a joint UNESCO World Heritage Site.
13 The “Door to Hell”, Turkmenistan - It Has a Mystery Timeline
The “Door to Hell” or the Darvaza Gas Crater is located near Derweze, Turkmenistan. It is a natural gas field located in an underground cavern, which was set on fire by Soviet geologists when discovered in the early 1970s to prevent the natural gases from spreading. The gas was expected to burn off within a couple of weeks but instead has been burning ever since.
It was given the name “Door to Hell’ due to the appearance of the crater with bright flames and has since become a popular tourist attraction. Although this might not be the destination for everyone, it is a unique location that offers an experience that cannot be experienced elsewhere. It is also possible to camp nearby to the crater, in the surrounding desert, and some visitors choose to do this to experience the “Door to Hell” further.
However, due to the lack of knowledge on how much natural gas is present in the crater, there is no timeline for when the fire could burn out. It is possible that the crater could burn out in the near future, but it is also possible that it will continue burning for decades. So if this is a location of interest to you, going sooner rather than later would be recommended.
12 Venice, Italy - The city is flooding, not sinking
Venice is located in the northeast of Italy and is famous for its canals. The city is comprised of islands within the Venetian Lagoon which is connected to the Adriatic Sea. As the city also has a cruise ship port, the number of tourists that visit Venice is rising. Popular activities include visiting the Basilica of San Marco, taking a gondola ride and experiencing the famous Venetian carnival.
There are many smaller islands close to Venice which are accessible by Vaporetto (water busses) and are perfect for a day trip. These Islands offer colourful small towns to explore by foot, often with the opportunity to learn about a trade the island specializes in; for example, Murano is famous for glass making while Burano specializes in lace.
Wandering by foot in Venice gives one the opportunity to get lost in the maze of small corridors between buildings and find less touristy gems. Additionally, the city is famous for its art and architecture and its unique history as a Republic separate from the rest of Italy until the 19th century.
However, with the rising ocean levels Venice is subjected to increased flooding, which is likely to continue and worsen. As the city is built on islands, the increased water could result in widespread damage to the buildings and canals of the city.
11 Everglades, Florida USA - A wetland with a water problem
The Everglades in Florida are a unique natural environment in the United States. The southern-most 20% of the Everglades is protected land and comprises the Everglades National Park. As a tropical wetland environment, it is considered an environment of importance. Visitors to the Everglades can hike through some areas of the National Park, and there are even areas where camping in the park is possible.
With the increase in urban development, land is being reclaimed from the Everglades to allow for more buildings. In the past there were attempts made to drain the Everglades, which has left the wetlands, and the native species in a particularly vulnerable state. This also impacts the stability of the rest of the Everglades, as development changes the soil stability and impacts the settling of water. To further add to this issue, Global Warming has resulted in ocean levels rising. This has led to increased flooding in the Everglades, which creates problems from the ocean salt-water mixing with the fresh-water of the wetlands.
There are many species that live in the wetlands that are endangered or are at risk of being endangered, such as the Florida Panther and the American Crocodile. Human activity and climate change pose a considerable threat to these species due to the distinctive nature of their habitat in the wetlands.
10 Abu Mena, Egypt - Where history falls apart, literally.
Abu Mena is a historic site with the ruins of a town and monastery in Egypt, located Southwest of Alexandria. The site served as a destination for Christian pilgrimages and the ruins of the town were deemed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the late 1970s. Since then, they have been designated a World Heritage in Danger site.
Ruins still stand at the site, although in poor condition. Abu Mena is further threatened from the rising water levels in the area, caused by the site’s proximity to waterways and agricultural fields.
When the ground under the ruins becomes wet, it becomes increasingly unstable, which has resulted in the ruins collapsing in some areas. This is expected to continue to be a problem for the site. Due to the unstable nature of the site, visitors may be restricted or banned from the site in the future.
For those who are interested in history, Abu Mena is a different experience in Egypt as it is a site of Christian history. It is also a location that is not common on the average itinerary of a visitor to Egypt, so if you are looking to explore a historic ruin without the tourist crowds, this might be for you.
9 Denali National Park, Alaska USA - You Can Dog-Sled, but only if the snow doesn't melt
The Denali National Park of Alaska is home to many species that are unique to this northern climate. It is located north of Anchorage and is a popular tourist destination for camping, hiking and other activities. During the winter, one of the popular and unique activates that a visitor can try is dog-sledding, but other more common winter sports such as cross-country skiing can also be done in the park. Each year the park has approximately 500,000 visitors looking to experience the natural beauty of the Alaskan wilderness.
Pollution from vehicles and litter from visitors affects the natural environment of the park, and thus causes damage to the park. Additionally, the park is home to Mount McKinley, the highest peak in North America. Global Warming has resulted in melting of the natural glaciers in the park, as well as the snow on Mt. McKinley. Due to the mixed terrain and elevations of the area, the park contains forests, tundra, mountains and glaciers, all of which are affected differently by pollution and global warming.
Furthermore, due to Alaska’s location on numerous fault lines, any large earthquake could have a major impact on the Park and could result in numerous landslides and avalanches.
8 The Seychelles - Shrinking Islands
The Seychelles is comprised of 115 islands and is located off the east coast of the African continent, north of Madagascar, in the Indian ocean. The Islands have experienced an increase in tourism since the 1970s when an international airport was opened. The country has become an increasingly popular tourist destination due to the numerous beaches and the consistently warm climate. As the islands were controlled by the British and the French in the past, both English and French are still commonly spoken in the nation. Many of the islands that make up the country are uninhabited and some of these serve as nature reserves to protect the native species. There are multiple animal and plant species that are unique to the islands and many of these are endangered and could face extinction.
With the increase in tourism to the islands, there are now resorts on some of the islands beaches. Snorkeling is popular around the islands, and many of the marine species that live on the reefs are unafraid of the humans.
Rising ocean levels from global warming have led to an increase in erosion on the islands, thus the islands are decreasing in size. The Seychelles also face the potential for increased flooding. It is estimated that the islands will be submerged completely in the next 50-100 years.
7 Potosi, Bolivia - The City that Could Collapse
Potosi is a city located in the south of Bolivia in South America and is one of the highest cities in the world, sitting on top of the Cerro De Potosi mountain (also known as Cerro Rico or Rich Mountain). The city has historic significance due to the silver inside the mountain and under the city, which was mined by the Spanish under colonial rule. The site is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a UNESCO World Heritage in Danger Site.
Today silver is still mined, but lithium for batteries is the main resource extracted from the mountain. Due to the mines underneath the city, there is instability within the mountain, and there is a chance that the city could collapse into the mountain. However, despite this risk, the mines are still open, and tourists can take tours through some of the historic silver mines.
Potosi offers a travel experience that is different from many of the more well-known locations in South America. If you are looking for a less tourist-oriented location to visit while in South America, Potosi might be worth a visit. Bolivia is also known to have one of the lowest crime rates in South America.
6 The Alps, Western Europe - The Mountains are Melting
The Alps are the highest mountain range in Europe and cross through eight countries- France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Liechtenstein, and Monaco. The Alps are a popular destination for tourists and locals in the summer and the winter for hiking and skiing.
It is estimated that around 120 million people visit the Alps every year. As a result, there are many tourist resorts across the Alps catering to both summer and winter visitors. Aside from the various winter and summer sports that visitors can do in the alps, there are also trains that run through the Alps. This route includes some of the highest railways in Europe and multiple tunnels through the mountains. Cable cars are fairly common in more rural areas of the mountains, especially in Switzerland and some of the villages are accessible only by cable car.
The most famous peak in the range is probably the Matterhorn located between Switzerland and Italy, but the highest mountain in the range is Mont Blanc, located between France and Italy. As well, the glaciers of the mountain range are mainly located in Switzerland. These glaciers are melting from increased temperatures in Western Europe. It is estimated that the glaciers of The Alps will be completely melted by 2090.
5 The Congo Basin - Endangered due to Illegal Hunting
The Congo Basin is located in a central area of the African continent, and as a result there are ten different countries that are located in or are on the edges of the Congo Basin. The Congo Basin is home to humans and a variety of animal species. Deforestation is a major problem in the basin as it takes away homes from animals and people.
In addition, the Congo Basin plays an essential role in the stability of the global climate, as the trees of the Basin filter out a large amount of the carbon in the air. Deforestation will have a major impact on the climate as there would be significantly more carbon in the air, leading to more carbon dioxide. Deforestation also creates problems for the people who live in the Basin and for the animals, due to the increase in human activity.
Furthermore, illegal hunting is still occurring in the Basin, which threatens the endangered species which reside in the Basin, and the natural food chains of the Basin. The western lowland Gorilla is one of the endangered species that inhabit the Basin and are at risk of extinction from deforestation and illegal hunting.
4 Petra, Jordan - The City Carved into Rock
Petra is a historic city in southern Jordan, located in the Arabah Valley. The city is most famous for the architecture that is carved into the rock walls of the valley, and the site is the most visited tourist site in Jordan, with between 600,000 and 1 million visitors a year. Petra is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and one of the UNESCO New Seven Wonders of the World.
However, there are numerous threats to the historic site. Since the site is carved into rock, there is a significant possibility that collapses could occur in the buildings. Erosion is another major problem that Petra faces from flooding and rainwater, which could lead to further structural damage, and increases the chances of collapses.
Petra can also be damaged from the numerous tourists that visit the site each year. As well, past restoration projects which might have been incorrectly completed could lead to further complications for the site over time.
Due to the unique history of Petra, a visit to the site would be an excellent addition to any trip to Jordan. Yet, with the potential dangers to the site, visiting sooner rather than later would ensure that visitors get the full experience of Petra.
3 Glacier National Park, USA and Canada - Will the name change if the Glaciers melt?
Glacier National Park covers approximately 4,000km2 in Montana in the US, and in Alberta and British Columbia in Canada. Within the boundaries of the park there are two mountain ranges and over 100 lakes. Glacier National Park has long been an attraction to tourists for the Glaciers that stand in the park.
As Glacier National Park covers a large expanse of land, there are multiple sites within the park that would be worth a trip to visit. The historic hotels from the establishment of the park are still standing and many are listed as separate historic landmarks. Other activities that a visitor can do include hiking, rock climbing and fishing. A few of the larger lakes in the park offer boat tours, some of which have been running since the 1920s.
The park was originally established in 1910, and at the time there were estimated to be 150 glaciers. Due to Climate Change and Global Warming, the glaciers are melting at an increased rate. By 2010, there were only 25 glaciers.
It is estimated that by 2030 the remaining glaciers could be completely melted. This could also affect the natural ecosystem of the Park, causing problems for the native species inhabiting the park.
2 Old City and Walls, Jerusalem - Old City, New Problems
The Old City of Jerusalem and the surrounding walls, including the Wailing Wall, have been a tourist and pilgrimage destination for hundreds of years, as the Old City is a major site in all Abrahamic Religions. Due to the centuries of tourists, the Old City and the walls surrounding it have been exposed to wear and pollution.
The walls around the Old City includes the famous Wailing Wall, which is a major site of prayer for Jewish people and has been for centuries due to the proximity to the Temple Mount; the wall is considered the holiest place for those of Jewish faith to pray. Prayers are often written on pieces of paper and left in cracks in the wall. The wall is therefore susceptible to damage from those praying at the wall and leaving prayers in the wall. Development in the New Jerusalem also poses a threat to the Old City and has completely changed the landscape around the Old City.
Jerusalem has a long history as being a contested site, and this could possibly occur again with the tensions in the region. As well, religious tensions in the city of Jerusalem could cause further dispute over the Old City.
1 Cape Town, South Africa - The First Major City to run out of Water?
Cape Town is located on Table Bay, at the southwest tip of South Africa. It is the oldest urban region in South Africa, dating back to initial Dutch Colonial Rule and serves as the site of Parliament for the country. The city is famous for its harbour, and for the nearby Table Mountain. The UNESCO World Heritage Site, Robben Island, is located in Table Bay, and is a short boat ride from Cape Town. Robben Island is the site of the infamous prison which operated for nearly 400 years and was where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 18 years.
Beginning in 2015, the city began experiencing a drought which has now resulted in major water shortages. It is estimated that the city will reach “Day Zero” (or the day when the water supply would be turned off) in 2019. The original “Day Zero” was set in April 2018, but the city managed to cut down their water consumption enough to push the deadline into the next year. However, if the city does run out of water, it will be the first major city to do so.
Cape Town has a long and diverse history which is still prevalent to the modern city. With nearby mountains, beaches and even the possibility of seeing penguins, Cape Town is abundant in natural beauty.