Antarctica is full of surprises with scientists continuing to try and figure out what exactly this continent made up of 99 percent of ice truly holds.
There are many mysteries still unsolved about what lies underneath the landmass, which is almost covered by a vast ice sheet. The discoveries that have emerged that have shocked researchers.
Photos of Antarctica have continued to keep people interested in the continent in awe. From stunning emerald green icebergs to an outflow of deep dark red water coming out of a glacier, to signs of new life in stunning ice caves, this southernmost continent is most alluring.
Here we’ve found 20 photos of Antarctica that are creepy and mysterious that will have people wondering about what else this brutally cold continent holds.
20 Bizarre Cubes Formed
These bizarre cubes that look like giant sugar cubes on the coast of Antarctica were photographed by a terrestrial ecologist who was flying over the continent. These strange formations are actually created as an ice sheet is stretched in two directions. And while these cubes seem three-dimensional, Newsweek reports that it's just an illusion.
19 UFO Spotting?
There have been numerous UFO stories told from across the globe, but some UFO hunters believe these aliens could be lingering in the freezing Antarctic as well. A story by News Hub suggests that a UFO crash-landed in Antarctica last year, with photos to prove it. However, these reports have been proven false by scientists.
18 Antarctica's Blood Falls
In 1911, scientists noticed an outflow of dark red water coming out of a glacier. This creepy looking fall was named Blood Falls because of its deep color resembling blood. At first, researchers believed the color was due to the red algae, but years later, it was revealed that the color is due to iron oxides, Forbes reported.
17 Researchers Solve Mystery Of Eerie Falls
We now know that the deep red coloring of Blood Falls, which runs from the Taylor Glacier, is due to oxidized iron in brine saltwater, the same exact process that gives iron the same color when it rusts. But although the mystery is solved, the photos of this glacier still makes people feel uneasy.
16 Waterfall Continues To Run Red
What makes Blood Falls even more interesting is it contains microbes that can survive these unbearable conditions. According to Forbes, this array of microbes "live in conditions that may resemble the beginning of life on Earth, before oxygen was largely present in the atmosphere."
15 Icebergs Are Emitting Strange And Horrifying Sounds
Strange occurrences like ice covering Antarctica that sings has also been discovered by scientists. According to Live Science, researchers unexpectedly discovered the sound while wanting to find other aspects of ice behavior. NBC News reports that the sound closely resembles the sounds of an eerie sci-fi soundtrack.
14 Scientists Are Monitoring These "Songs" To Track Shifts In Surface Ice
According to Live Science, "monitoring the 'song' of the ice shelf could allow scientists to track shifts in surface ice remotely, and practically in real-time. This could help them piece together a more complete picture of ice shelf stability, and it could raise an early red flag if the shelf becomes vulnerable to collapse.'"
13 A Perfect Rectangular Iceberg
According to Forbes, NASA discovered a perfectly rectangular iceberg as if it was deliberately cut. While we're used to seeing icebergs in different shapes and sizes, this perfectly shaped iceberg is a natural phenomenon. They are called Tabular icebergs and feature steep, nearly vertical sides and a flat plateau top.
12 City-Size Icebergs Breaking Off
One of the most bizarre photos shows an iceberg the size of Los Angeles breaking off Antarctica this past September. According to USA Today, the iceberg, named D-28, is over 600 miles in area, bigger than L.A. The size is equal to about 27 Manhattan islands.
11 Mysterious Jade-Green Icebergs
These stunning jade-green icebergs were a mystery to scientists for many years. According to the Australian Antarctic Division, some icebergs are emerald green thanks to iron oxides in seawater. "The unique color of the icebergs is the result of yellow-tinted iron oxide in seawater combining with the crystalline blue of the ice," glaciologist Dr. Mark Curran stated.
10 These Antarctic Icebergs Are A Rarity
Icebergs are usually white or blue so seeing these jade and emerald green icebergs is a rarity. Scientists also believe these icebergs can transport nutrients to areas that are in short supply, reports the Australian Antarctic Division, stating, "iron is an essential trace nutrient for the growth of marine phytoplankton."
9 Ice Is Vanishing
According to Live Science, about three trillion tons of ice vanished from Antarctica. In July 2017, one trillion tons of that ice broke off all at once from the Larsen C ice shelf, which was the largest iceberg in recorded history. The size of the ice that broke is comparable to the size of the state of Delaware.
8 Are There Lost Continents?
Scientists have discovered that underneath Antarctic ice are remains of ancient continents. Live Science reports that a map shows that East Antarctica is made up of multiple cratons, which are the cores of continents that came before. These findings go back hundreds of million years ago to when Antarctica was part of the supercontinent Gondwana.
7 A Massive "Anomaly" Is Lurking Beneath The Ice
Beneath a frozen wasteland of an area called Wilkes Land is a massive object that scientists believe could change our understanding of history, reported the New York Post. Researchers believe the object is the remains of a massive asteroid bigger than the asteroid that wiped out the dinosaurs and possibly caused the Permian-Triassic extinction event.
6 Underneath The Ice Is A Source Of Surprising Heat
Underneath Antarctica is a source of heat. Scientists suggest that the high quantities of melted water under East Antarctica's ice sheet are caused by this heat, which is very intense. Scientists believe this "hotspot" is produced by hydrothermal energy emanating from a crack in the crust underneath the ice, explains Live Science.
5 Stunning Ice Caves
Scientists are investigating ice caves underneath Antarctica's glaciers that could possibly support life. Business Insider reports that steam from an active volcano around Mount Erebus hollowed out an extensive cave system. Soil samples in these caves also revealed traces of DNA from algae and small animals.
4 Is Something Living Beneath The Ice?
These warm caves under Antarctica can surprisingly support life, reports Business Insider. According to one scientist, you can even wear just a T-shirt in these caves and be comfortable. DNA that was found in the caves are like DNA from plants and animals found in other parts of the continent.
3 Strange Vast Blue Ice
These Chinstrap penguins have found themselves on a stunning blue iceberg that looks like something out of a sci-fi movie. The iceberg is located on the Scotia Sea and is extremely rare. As we've seen earlier, icebergs can be all different colors, it all depends on how it interacts with light, according to Scientific American.
2 Unexpected Colors
99 percent of Antarctica is covered in ice, but it is amazing to see how diverse this continent is with active volcanoes, emerald green icebergs and even snow-free lands, which make up the one percent available for colonization by plants, reports the British Antarctic Survey. There are no trees on the continent, but two species of flowering plants: Antarctic hair grass and Antarctic pearlwort.
1 A Lake Buried In The Ice
There are so many mysteries hidden in Antarctica, like a buried lake covering an area of about 54 square miles under the ice sheet. According to scientists, "dark waters of a lake deep beneath the West Antarctic ice sheet and a few hundred miles from the South Pole are teeming with bacterial life." Could this lake be supporting higher life forms?