Some countries just seem to have it all. Mountains for trekking and skiing, beaches for sunsets at the sea, deserts for moon landscape substitution, and icebergs just to top off their coolness.

People mostly travel to other countries in order to experience different cultures and different environments, a change of scene one might say. Basically, they wish to enter a different climate zone for a change. While most countries host several different sub-climates, there are few countries on Earth where you can enjoy both skiing and sunbathing during the season, and in some cases even during the same day.

The Köppen Climate Classification System is probably the most widely acknowledged, dividing the earth into four main climate zones and several sub-climate zones. For the purpose of this list, however, we are going to focus on the four main ones, namely The Arctic, The Temperate, The Subtropical and The Tropical Zone. Divided according to average temperatures, rainfall, and latitude, climate determines everything from weather and biodiversity, to which travel activities are available in certain regions.

As of today, several countries reach several different climate zones, and one giant reaches as many as all four. This implies that with one single ticket, you could experience almost all of nature’s wonders in just one country. Here is a list of top 10 countries with the most insane climate diversity and 10 with the least.

20 Most: Russia

Russia is not only a huge country, it is an absolutely enormous country, containing both the arctic, temperate and subtropical regions. In the town of Oymyakon in particular, temperatures drop to under 55°C (-67 °F) during the winter, making this town the coldest inhabited place on earth. The climate of Russia is both diverse and extreme, and although it will take you some time to get from one climate zone to another, a ticket to Russia will give you access to freezing polar mountains and alluring subtropical experiences by the Black Sea beaches of Anapa.

19 Most: United States

Home to nothing less than Hawaii, Alaska, the Grand Canyon, California, and the Everglades, The United States houses a total of three climate zones within its borders. Although the distance between them will make you feel like going to another country, a ticket here will allow you to enjoy all the activities you would normally have to visit several countries to experience, all while enjoying the country’s famously delicate cuisine along the way! Fancy a hike through a mountain forest, surfing by the Pacific or dancing the night away in a grand metropolis? As per usual, America has it all, even when it comes to climate diversity.

18 Least: Kenya

Conveniently located close to the Equator, Kenya generally enjoys warm temperatures all year round. Situated within the tropical zone, there are only really two seasons in Kenya namely the wet and the dry season. Although most people living in temperate climate countries wouldn’t consider Kenya’s wet season very wet at all, it is indeed wet and cloudy during the months between November-April. Despite not reaching over more than one main climate zone, the country’s position between the mountains and the sea provides Kenya with several sub-climates including an arid climate in the interior of the country and a tropical coastal climate at the seaside.

17 Least: Netherlands

Known for its small size and famous painters, the Netherlands can brag about many things. Climate diversity, however, is not one of them. Getting from one side of the country to the other will take you approximately as long as it takes a millennial to capture a picture of their Flat White, about three hours. Located in the middle of a temperate climate zone, like Denmark, the Netherlands experiences a sharp contrast between seasons, with pleasant to warm temperatures in the summer and cold to freezing temperatures in the winter. Spring is lovely while autumn resembles a puppy being called to from different ends of the garden.

16 Most: Australia

As the largest island within the southern hemisphere, Australia enjoys a diverse climate which changes dramatically from the North to the South. Apart from the country’s frightening biodiversity, where supposedly everything is trying to kill you, Australia is sure to provide almost every type of climate there is. Despite its exotic reputation, Australia is home to more than the famous Australian Outback, as the country spans over three out of four main climate zones. In the north, the tropical climate results in tropical cyclones and monsoon rains, while the central part of Queensland is characterized by the milder reality of the subtropical climate. Furthest to the south, the island of Tasmania provides Australia with a temperate climate.

15 Most: India

India hosts nothing less than six climatic subtypes, ranging from arid desert in the west to alpine tundra in the north. It does however not cover neither the temperate nor the arctic zone but has a sub-climate alpine tundra region due to the altitude of the Himalaya mountains to the North East. As the only country in the world to host both lions and tigers, India’s climate is truly unique despite covering less main climate zones than previously mentioned destinations on this list. Home to sub-tropical deserts, salt lakes and tropical islands, a trip to India will let you explore several sub-climates depending on whether you spend your time in the mountains, by the beach or in the highlands.

14 Least: Iceland

Although famous many things including its glaciers, hot springs, volcanos and lagoons, Iceland’s position within the temperate climate zone might appear more artic than temperate to many people. Hosting a sub-arctic climate, however, this assumption is not entirely mistaken, and the name of the country doesn’t really help its non-arctic reputation either. As many people visit for a sight of the aurora borealis, mostly visible during winter and spring, it is crucial to remember that like most of the northern temperate climate countries, Iceland has a long dark winter with only a few hours of light a day. On the other hand, the country enjoys long summer nights with only a short period of darkness per day.

13 Least: Denmark

Everyone who has visited Denmark will know that the sun can change to rain in the blink of an eye. If not counting Greenland, Denmark is as homogenous as it can get when talking about climate diversity. Due to its small size the entire country is conveniently situated within the temperate zone, making winters cold and summers hot, although not to the extremes of the tropic or the arctic regions. Although the Danish weather is a common topic of conversation amongst the Danish people, the temperate climate assures a place in the middle, with a clear season divide and lots of rain.

12 Most: Brazil

Rainforest, need I say more? If you need another reason to travel to Brazil, there are tons of things to see in this South American treasure of biodiversity. Although only stretching over two of the main climate regions, namely the subtropical and the tropical zone, Brazil is home to several sub-climate types including humid equatorial, semi-arid and humid coastal. According to The World Factbook, the vast majority of the Brazilian population lives in the southeast regions of the country or near the Atlantic Ocean, and for good reason. The North and Central-West regions are vastly covered by the Amazon rainforest and although an exciting place for extreme climate experiences, everyday life is just more convenient by the coast of this tropical land.

11 Most: Haiti

Tropical storms and hurricanes are all frequent visitors to this small island state, and therefore Haiti deserves a spot in the list of extreme climates. Despite not stretching over several climate zones but simply enjoying the characteristic Tropical zone breeze, Haiti has had its share of extreme weather due to its climate throughout history. Haiti is no stranger to natural disasters due to its location in the Caribbean. However, the strongest earthquakes approximately occur every 10 years, so there is no sense in leaving Haiti out of the equation when choosing your next travel adventure.

10 Least: Italy

Although home to several sub-climate types including a Mediterranean coastal climate and a humid subtropical climate in the north, Italy is carefully tucked in between the rest of Europe and the Mediterranean Sea. Although there is not much climate diversity here, there is really no excuse not to visit this popular travel destination. Home to mountains, beaches, and antique cities, Italy compensates in culture for what it lacks in climate diversity. Free tip: Avoid going to Rome in the month of August, unless you like to sweat! Cities away from the coastline in Southern Europe are definitely not to be messed with during the heat of August.

9 Least: Malta

Placed conveniently within the subtropical area, the island of Malta enjoys pleasant temperatures all year long, without too much difference between summer and winter. Silently hiding in the Mediterranean, Malta is not the target of any major weather-related disasters such monsoons, heavy rain or floods. Furthermore, the Island enjoys an optimal number of daylight hours per year compared to other European countries. 1962 was a record year for Malta as the country reach its lowest temperature in the last 50 years with a staggering -1.7°C (28.9°F). Well, some countries just have all the luck.

8 Most: Chile

If Chile was a cocktail, it would be a dry mango martini on the rocks, dry like the desert, tropical-like Easter Island and rocky like the glaciers of Patagonia. Home to nothing less than the worlds driest desert, the Torres del Paine National Park, and Metropolitan Paradise Santiago, Chile has everything you need in terms of climate diversity. Tucked in between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, Chile offers a unique opportunity to play in the snow and swim at the beach on the same day! Due to the altitude of the Andean Mountains and the short distance of 117 km from east to west, it is possible to enjoy a day of skiing at the Valle Nevada Resort and go directly to the Pacific beaches of Vina del Mar in the short span of just three hours!

7 Most: Ethiopia

Although Ethiopia is not one of those countries where you can find several climate zones within its borders, it deserves a place on this list for its extreme climate in terms of temperatures. With an annual average temperature of 35°C (93.9 °F) and a summer average of 47°C (116°F) the town of Dallol will heat up any discussion and melt any frozen hearts! While the town is only a ghost of what it used to be, this is the place to be if you want to push yourself to the limit of what is humanly possible to endure.

6 Least: Canary Islands

As most people probably know, the Canary Islands are situated well within the sub-tropical climate region, resulting in springtime temperatures all year around. Due to the Islands short distance from the Tropics of Cancer (the line separating the Subtropics from the Tropics), the Islands of Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, La Palma, and Tenerife are blessed with moderate to warm temperatures all year long, making them a popular tourist destination for Northern Europeans in particular. Here‘winter’ is nothing like what most people associate with winter, as average temperatures never really drop below 20°C (68°F).

5 Least: Bhutan

As a very compact and small nation, Bhutan is situated within the subtropical climate zone. Heavily affected by altitudes, however, Bhutan experiences a sharp divide between the lower and higher parts of the country, with temperatures getting colder the higher up you get. Although heavily affected by monsoons, the inland valleys are difficult to penetrate and therefore the weather here is milder than in the outer regions. Although too far from the ocean for cyclones to have any major effect on the country, such a national phenomenon usually results in rainfall and snow in the mountains.

4 Most: Myanmar

According to The Times of India, Myanmar holds the record for highest average annual weather-related deaths in the world. In absolute terms, a total of 7,098 people die per year because of natural disasters related to weather conditions. Located right in the center of the Tropical climate zone, and with a sub climate characterized as a tropical monsoon climate, Myanmar has experienced some of the most extreme weather ever seen on Earth. Don’t let the beautiful tropical environment fool you, as the climate of this place could be fatal.

3 Most: China

Due to its size, China inevitably holds an enormous climate diversity. Just like the United States and Russia, the pure size of China makes it one of the world’s most diverse, both in terms of culture and in climate. Stretching over all four climate zones, China certainly tops the list on climate diversity. From the arctic northern Heilongjiang Province, over the temperate Hebei Province, down to subtropical capital Hong Kong, to the tropical Hainan province in the south, a ticket to China will give you access to all the main types of climate represented on Earth. Although you might have to travel for days within the country to see it all, it is still a great excuse to visit!

2 Least: Uganda

Just like Kenya, Uganda only enjoys a one climate type namely the tropical. One big difference though is Uganda’s lack of coastline, making the climate slightly different from its neighbor to the East. Due to the country’s altitude, cold nights might occur which is normally unheard of in the true tropics. Just like other tropical climate countries, however, Uganda faces a wet and a dry season but enjoys little diversity in climate in general. Tropical-savanna climates are present in the high plateaus while an equatorial climate characterized the region close to Lake Victoria.

1 Least: Greenland

With a slight difference in climate according to altitude, Greenland is covered by snow almost everywhere except during the summer months. Entirely covered by the Arctic climate zone, Greenland enjoys dry and cold weather most of the year. However, there is no reason not to visit for some spectacular polar landscapes and artic activities. According to Visit Greenland, the air quality in Greenland is among the best in the world due to the country’s geographical position to the high north. Due to a coastal climate in the outer regions, the Southern coast can experience temperatures above 20°C (68°F) during the summer.

References: Weather Online, Climates to Travel.